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Natural Mineral Resources in Nigeria and Locations


Natural resources as substances or materials that can be found in nature, which can be used for Economic gain. These materials exist naturally without human actions.

They are billions of natural resources all over the world, and they can be found in every place in the world. Natural resources can be found on land air and water; some natural resources include wood, coal, oil, iron, and vegetation.

Natural resources are generally classified into two types;

Biotic – resources which are gotten from the biosphere (living & organic materials e.g. Animals, Trees). Some examples include coal and petroleum.

Abiotic – resources gotten from non-living or non-organic materials (e.g. Land, Water, Air) some examples include copper, silver, gold.

Nigeria remains on top of the list of one of the African countries with a wide variety of natural resources, this West African giant is richly blessed with natural resources ranging from precious stones such as Marble, Gypsum, Barites, and Kaolin to Metals like Copper and Aluminum.

The mineral resources in Nigeria are so numerous that the majority of them have not been exploited yet.

Natural Resources in Nigeria can be furtherly classified into two groups for easy identification;

Mineral resources and Agricultural Resources.

Main Agricultural Resources in Nigeria

Agricultural resources are very valuable in the economy and livelihood of Nigeria, they are used for trading and exports and are also consumed directly by the Nigerian people. 

Here is a list of the agricultural resources in Nigeria and the state that they are located:

Timber – Ogun, Edo, Delta States.

Cocoa – Anambra, Edo, Kwara, Imo, Ogun, Oyo, Osun, Ondo States.

Rubber – Delta, Ogun, Cross River, Edo States.

Cotton – Kano, Niger, Kano, Sokoto, Kwara States.

Coffee – Bauchi, Osun, Kwara States.

Plantain – Edo, Ogun, Delta, Bayelsa, Oyo, Osun States.

Groundnut – Ebonyi, Niger, Sokoto, Katsina, Kano States.

Kola nut – Benue, Oyo, Kwara, Osun States.

Oil Palm – Akwa Ibom, Oyo, Imo, Oyo States.

Rubber – Edo, Ogun, Cross River, Delta States.

Main Mineral Resources in Nigeria

Mineral resources are the major source of income to the Nigerian economy, Majority of the exploited mineral resources in Nigeria I used for trading and export.

Here is a list of the mineral resources in Nigeria and the state that they are located:

Oil & Gas – Rivers, Delta, Bayelsa, Abia, Akwa Ibom, Rivers, Imo States.

Gold – Ebonyi, Kaduna, Oyo, Edo, Osun States.

Lead & Zinc – Benue, Ebonyi, Kano, Cross River States.

Tin – Jos, Bauchi States.

Salt – Cross River, Abia, Ebonyi, Akwa Ibom States

Iron Ore – Benue, Kogi, Anambra, Kwara, Delta States.

Coal – Enugu, Ondo States.

Bitumen – Ogun, Lagos, Ondo, Edo States.

List of  Natural Resources in Nigeria And The State They Are Located

This list was compiled using up-to-date data published by the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

ABIA Salt, Gold, Limestone, Oil/Gas, & Lead/Zinc
ABUJA Tantalite, Clay, Dolomite, Lead/Zinc, Marble, Cassiterite, & Gold
ADAMAWA Kaolin, Gypsum, Magnesite, & Bentonite
AKWA IBOM Uranium, Limestone, Lead/Zinc, Clay, Oil/Gas, & Lignite
ANAMBRA Glass-Sand, Salt, Phosphate, Limestone, Lignite, Lead/Zinc, Clay, Iron-Ore, & Gypsum
BAUCHI Wolfram, Limestone, Clay, Iron-Ore, Lignite, Coal, Columbite, Tin-Ore, Gold, & Gypsum
BAYELSA Gypsum, Clay, Lignite, Lead/Zinc, Uranium, Oil/Gas, Manganese, & Limestone 
BENUE Salt, Marble, Gemstone, Coal, Iron-Ore, Gypsum, Barite, Limestone, Lead/Zinc, & Clay
BORNO Limestone, Bentonite, Diatomite, Hydro-Carbon, Clay, Kaolin, & Gypsum
DELTA Glass-Sand, Oil/Gas, Clay, Marble, Gypsum, Lignite, Iron-Ore, & Kaolin.
EBONYI Salt, Zinc/Lead, & Gold
EDO Oil/Gas, Bitumen, Marble, Clay, Limestone, Dolomite, Lignite, Phosphate, Iron-Ore, Glass-Sand, Gypsum, & Gold
EKITI Feldspar, Syenite, Granite & Kaolin
ENUGU Coal, Limestone & Lead/Zinc
GOMBE Gypsum & Gemstone
IMO Salt, Gypsum, Phosphate, Lead/Zinc, Oil/Gas, Lignite, Marcasite, & Limestone
CROSS RIVER Uranium, Barite, Salt, Lead/Zinc, Oil/Gas, Lignite, Manganese & Limestone
JIGAWA Butyles
KADUNA Tourmaline, Topaz Garnet, Aqua Marine, Tantalite, Asbestos, Serpentinite, Clay, Sihnite, Flosper, Sapphire, Gemstone, Ruby, Gold, Crystal, Graphite, Rock, Kaolin, Mica, & Hyanite
KANO Tantalite, Cassiterite, Pyrrocaine, Copper, Lead/Zinc, Gemstone, & Glass-Sand
KATSINA Salt, Kaolin, & Marble
KOGI Tantalite, Cassiterite, Talc, Feldspar, Talc, Gypsum, Marble, Iron-Ore, & Kaolin
KWARA Tantalite, Cassiterite, Mica, Columbite, Feldspar, Marble, Gold, & Iron-Ore
LAGOS Glass-Sand, Bitumen, & Clay
NASARAWA Zireon, Topaz Garnet, Barytex, Quartz, Barite, Tourmaline, Cassiterite, Tantalite, Chalcopyrite, Talc, Clay, Sapphire, Columbite, Salt, Cooking Coal, Mica, Dolomite, Limestone, Marble, Iron-Ore, Feldspar, & Galena.
NIGER Talc, Gold, & Lead/Zinc
OGUN Phosphate, Bitumen, Limestone, Kaolin, Feldspar, Clay, & Gemstone
ONDO Oil/Gas, Bitumen, Limestone, Clay, Kaolin, Coal, Gypsum, Dimension Stone, Granite, Kaolin, Glass-Sand, & Gemstone
OSUN Tourmaline, Columbite, Tantalite, Gold, Talc, & Granite
OYO Tantalite, Aqua Marine, Talc, Cassiterite, Sillimanite, Clay, Marble, Dolomite, Kaolin, Gemstone, & Gold
PLATEAU Wolfram, Barite, Tin, Bauxite, Tantalite, Bismuth, Columbite, Cassiterite, Salt, Clay, Pyrochlore, Coal, Molybdenite, Emerald, Marble, Fluoride, Lead/Zinc, Gemstone, Kaolin, Granite, & Iron-Ore
RIVERS Oil/Gas, Clay, Marble, Glass-Sand, & Lignite
SOKOTO Salt, Clay, Silica Sand, Flakes, Potash, Gold, Phosphate, Granite, Limestone, Gypsum, Laterite, & Kaolin
TARABA Lead/Zinc
YOBE Tintomite & Soda Ash
ZAMFARA Gold, Coal, & Cotton


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